Station OR / Colonialism and borders

In order to control the African population, European colonial powers used borders as instruments of power. However, transnational and mobile realities in the Kenyan borderlands contradict a clear separation of tightly connected local societies.

Kipande: A colonial instrument of power

In colonial Kenya in the 1920s, it became compulsory for all adult males to wear an identification document in a metal case around their neck. The intention was to restrict the movement of the African population, and to make it easier for the colonial government to collect taxes.

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Borders and mobile societies

The Turkana people on the border between Kenya and South Sudan are considered one of the most mobile societies in the world. Their nomadic, mobile lifestyle emerged as a flexible adaptation strategy to a climatically harsh environment.

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